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What is Hindutva?

Hindutva is a modern political ideology that advocates for Hindu supremacy and seeks to transform India. The word “Hindutva” literally means “Hindu-ness”, and the ideology is based on the belief that Hindus are the true natives of India. Hindutva proponents believe that India should be a Hindu nation, and they seek to promote Hindu values and culture. Hindutva has been a controversial topic in India, with many accusing the movement of being fascist and promoting religious bigotry. However, Hindutva supporters maintain that they are simply seeking to protect Hindu interests in India.

The History of Hindutva

The ideology of Hindutva has its roots in British colonial rule in India. During this time, Hinduism was often portrayed as a primitive and superstitious religion in need of reform. This led to the rise of Hindu nationalist organizations like the Arya Samaj, which advocated for the supremacy of Hindu culture and values.

After Indian independence, Hindutva became a political force under the leadership of figures like Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Savarkar argued that India should be defined as a Hindu nation, and he advocated for aggressive measures to convert Muslims and Christians to Hinduism.

The Hindutva movement came to prominence in the 1990s, when the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) rose to power on a platform of Hindu nationalism. The BJP implemented policies that favored Hindus over other religious groups, and they also worked to undermine the secular foundations of the Indian state.

The rise of Hindutva has been a controversial and polarizing force in Indian politics. While many Hindus support the idea of a Hindu nation, others worry that it will lead to discrimination and violence against minority groups.

The rise of Hindutva in modern India

Since the early 1990s, Hindutva has been on the rise in India. This right-wing, Hindu nationalist ideology advocates for Hindu supremacy and seeks to transform India into a Hindu Rashtra, or Hindu Nation. In recent years, Hindutva groups have become increasingly active and vocal, carrying out attacks on minorities, Dalits, and other groups they deem to be anti-Hindu.

The rise of Hindutva is often seen as a reaction to the increasing assertiveness of Muslims and other minority groups in India. For many Hindus, Hindutva offers a way to protect their religion and culture from what they see as an encroachment by these other groups. In addition, Hindutva groups have been able to tap into discontent with the ruling party, the Indian National Congress, and exploit economic frustrations to build support for their cause.

The rise of Hindutva has been a source of concern for many in India. The ideology’s call for Hindu supremacy goes against the country’s long history of religious tolerance and its commitment to secularism. Additionally, the violence perpetrated by Hindutva groups has created an atmosphere of fear and intimidation, particularly for minorities.

The rise of Hindut

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Hindutva's impact on Indian politics

Since the rise of Hindutva in Indian politics, there has been a significant impact on the country’s policies and direction. The ideology has been a driving force behind many controversial decisions, such as the demolition of the Babri Mosque and the implementation of strict anti-conversion laws. Hindutva has also been blamed for increasing religious tensions and violence in India. While the movement has its supporters, it is clear that Hindutva has had a major impact on Indian politics.

Criticism of Hindutva

Since its inception, Hindutva has been criticized by various groups for its alleged fascist and exclusionary tendencies. Some have accused the Hindutva movement of seeking to establish a Hindu Rashtra, or Hindu Nation, which would be exclusionary of minorities such as Muslims and Christians. Others have critiqued Hindutva’s allegedly sexist and casteist worldview, arguing that it relegates women and lower castes to second-class status.

Critics have also accused the Hindutva movement of fomenting religious violence, particularly against Muslims and Christians. In 1992, for example, Hindu nationalists demolished the 16th-century Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, sparking nationwide riots that left thousands dead. More recently, there have been reports of attacks on Muslims and Christians by so-called “cow vigilantes” who claim to be acting in defense of the Hindu cow, which is considered sacred.

Despite its critics, Hindutva remains a powerful force in Indian politics. In recent years, the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has been accused of pursuing a Hindutva agenda, with some observers claiming that the party is seeking to transform India into a Hindu nation.



Hindutva is a controversial and often polarizing political ideology that has been gaining traction in recent years. While its supporters argue that it is a necessary force to protect Hindu interests, its detractors say that it promotes bigotry and intolerance. Whatever your opinion on Hindutva may be, there is no denying that it is a movement with significant implications for the future of India.

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